The United States, a world power, the biggest world power. Israel, small country out in the middle east. The friendship between these two countries is crucial.
At the beginning support for Zionism was minimal in the United States, after all Israel is on the other side of the World. In 1922, the US Congress passed the Lodge-Fish Resolution which “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” On the same day the Mandate of Palestine was created by the League of Nations.
The foreign policy of the United States was dictated by World War 2. Resolutions were made and tried to pass Congress but were rejected by the Department of War and State because of the wartime needs. There was also much objection from the Arab side, to having a Jewish State in Palestine, which made the US Congress unsure of who to support.
The United States voted in favor of the United Nations Partitions Plan, in 1947. This was to partition the land into two states, a Jewish State and an Arab State.
President Trump was elected in 2016. Since being elected he has shown that he is a true friend of Israel. Trump has shown support for the Jewish State, the need for the State to defend itself. President Trump has recognized Jerusalem as the eternal capital of Israel and has signed a proclamation over Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights.
The United States, in May 2018 withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, also known as the ‘Iran Deal’. This was a deal with China, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom and the United States, saying that Iran’s nuclear activities would be limited in exchange for reduced sanctions.
Israel supported Trump’s decision to step away from the deal. Trump said “this is the worst deal ever” and “it’s so terrible it could lead to a nuclear holocaust” and “its a disaster deal”.
Israel being the only democracy in the middle east, a small country has needed the support of the world’s biggest superpower. The United States has always tried to help Israel, President Truman offered Israel $135 million in loans to help Israel cope with the influx of immigration after the Holocaust.